✔ Vaccine selection:

A vaccine protocol should be developed with a vet and take in to account the specific features and risks of the production system, history of disease and diagnostic test results.

✔ Calf health status:

Resilience to disease and vaccine efficacy will be maximised if animals are healthy and receiving good nutrition. Cold stress can have a major impact in young calves. Sick animals should not be vaccinated.

✔ Storage and handling:

Ensure vaccines are stored and handled according to the instructions on the datasheet and that refrigerators are operating at the correct temperature.

✔ Timing:

Follow the protocol given in the product datasheet, ensuring that the interval between vaccines in the primary course and subsequent boosters is observed. When possible, time vaccination to ensure immunity has developed ahead of high risk periods such as housing.

✔ Accurate dosing:

Use an appropriate injector and calibrate equipment before use to ensure that the correct dose is being delivered to each animal; underdosing will affect the efficacy of vaccines.

✔ Correct administration:

Ensure the correct route of administration is used (intramuscular or subcutaneous) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

✔ Housing and management:

Assessing and addressing issues such as air quality, excessive moisture and humidity, overcrowding, and mixing of ages/groups is key to pneumonia control, and enables vaccines to work effectively.


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What is calf pneumonia?

What is calf pneumonia?

Bovine respiratory disease, or calf pneumonia as it is more commonly known, is the result of a complex interaction between viral and bacterial pathogens, environmental stress factors and the animal’s own resilience to disease. Calf pneumonia causes inflammation and...

Pneumonia effect on calves?

Pneumonia effect on calves?

Stress, resulting from management practices, sub-optimal nutrition and, in young calves, poor immunity as a result of inadequate colostrum intake, all increase susceptibility to calf pneumonia. Viruses are often the initial invader. They cause lung damage that soon...

Minimising effects of calf pneumonia?

Minimising effects of calf pneumonia?

Developing monitoring strategies to identify cases early in the course of disease is critical. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of calf pneumonia have recognised benefits:5 Improved response to treatment and quicker resolution of clinical signs Reduction in...

Impact of calf pneumonia for dairy calves

Impact of calf pneumonia for dairy calves

Calf pneumonia represents a threat to calf health, welfare and farm profitability. Uncontrolled, pneumonia can have a substantial and wide ranging impact on a dairy enterprise. Mortality in replacement heifers poses a huge financial loss. A UK study showed that calf...

Impact of calf pneumonia for beef calves

Impact of calf pneumonia for beef calves

Calf pneumonia represents a threat to calf health, welfare and farm profitability and, as a consequence, has a substantial impact on a beef enterprise. Immediate impacts include high vet fees and medicine costs plus failure to reach growth targets. Extra costs of...

Managing calf pneumonia

Managing calf pneumonia

Calf pneumonia is multifactorial and a number of management factors can contribute to the incidence of disease; a stressed, compromised calf will be at greater risk of infection by circulating viruses and bacteria. The risk of calf pneumonia can never be completely...

Why vaccinate against calf pneumonia?

Why vaccinate against calf pneumonia?

Vaccination of calf pneumonia in young and growing animals is a cost-effective method when implemented as part of a pneumonia control plan which addresses other environmental and management factors that contribute to disease. Selecting a vaccine which contains...

Dairy Youngstock Checklist

Dairy Youngstock Checklist

The first 24 hours of life ✔ Have clear protocols in place for the dam and newborn calf ✔ Set up a new system to allow ease of handling of dam and new born calf ✔ Test colostrum and only store/feed the best ✔ Focus on cleanliness and consistency of management...

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